Electric fences use shock that is painful to the dog. In fact, it is through this pain that dogs get notified of their nearness to the fence or boundary.
Can Dogs be Traumatized by an Electric Fence?
Yes, dogs can be traumatized by electric fence shocks. These may be characterized by your dog refusing to go outside in the yard after a shock.
As a pet parent, dog trauma can affect you too because you may not get the much-needed companionship when outside the house. Therefore, you should always strive to ensure such incidences of trauma are kept to a minimum.